As your earning power increases, your 30s are a great time to further build your retirement savings foundation. Here are some tips to consider.
Continue (or start) saving
Maximize tax-advantaged retirement accounts like your 401(K) or other workplace retirement plan. The earlier you invest, the more you may benefit from compound interest over time.
- Enroll in your workplace retirement plan. Make sure you are contributing as much as you can afford. If your company offers a match, consider taking full advantage by contributing at least as much as the match amount.
- Save as much as possible. Consider contributing at least 10% of your income to your retirement plan — even if it means taking small steps to get there.
- Contribute financial windfalls. Think about setting aside financial windfalls such as bonuses, raises, and tax refunds to help accelerate your savings.
- Build your emergency fund. Most experts agree that you should keep 3 - 6 months of your living expenses set aside in an easy-to-access account such as a checking or savings account.
Put your retirement investments in the right place
In your 20s, you may not have put much thought into the amount of risk you are willing to take with your savings. Now, as you develop a better idea of your needs and expectations, take the time to make sure your investment strategy aligns with your tolerance for risk and your retirement timeline. As your savings grow, it’s important to review and understand your asset allocation.
Your asset allocation is how you distribute your savings among the different types of investments (stock funds, bond funds, and stable value or money market investments). A couple things to note:
- Your asset mix is a determining factor of your portfolio returns and the variability (risk) of those returns.
- For instance, a portfolio that holds 80% bonds and 20% stocks will provide a return and risk pattern that is typically very different from that of a portfolio holding 15% bonds and 85% stocks.
- Maintaining an appropriate asset allocation is critical to aligning your investment strategy with your overall investment objectives.
Watch your spending
Minimizing spending and debt can improve your overall financial health.
- Search low interest rates. You may want to consider finding the lowest interest rate available and consolidating your debt. Note: your specific situation may impact how you plan to minimize spending and debt.
- Pay off what you can. Pay off as much debt as you can each month.
- Don't forgo saving. While you reduce debt, consider saving a little bit at the same time. Use our Savings Calculator to estimate how much more you can save when you reduce spending.
Refine your plan
Monitor your accounts and refine as needed to ensure you are on track. A few things to consider:
- Create a plan. Write down your retirement goals and outline your next steps.
- Stay on top of your asset mix. Check your asset allocation periodically to assure you are on target.
- Track your progress. Check the status of your account to determine if you are on track to meet your goals, or if you need to increase the amount you are saving.