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Rate Hike Impact on Revolving Credit

Revolving credit accounts — like credit cards, store cards, and lines of credit — have a variable interest rate that is tied to the Prime Rate. Some mortgage and student loans can also have a variable interest rate. When the Fed raises the Federal Funds Rate, the Prime Rate increases and so does the annual percentage rate (APR) on your variable rate credit accounts.

The impact on you

A slight increase in interest rates is not going to make much of a difference for most people.  How much impact rising rates will have on your finances depends on how much revolving debt you have — the higher your balances, the more you’ll pay in interest charges.

In this example, a credit card customer has a balance of $3,000 and is making only the minimum monthly payment. You can see that as rates rise, so do the monthly payments and the amount of time it will take to pay off the $3,000 balance.

Here’s how rate increases could impact your payments

(examples for illustrative purposes only)

At 14.00% APR
At 14.25% APR
At 14.50% APR
At 14.75% APR
At 15.00% APR
Minimum monthly payment on a $3,000 balance
Time it will take to pay off the $3,000 balance
162 months
163 months
163 months
164 months
165 months
Total interest paid over time on the $3,000 balance


What can you do to minimize costs?

Nobody knows how much or how often rates will rise going forward, so it makes sense to start thinking about how you can minimize your borrowing costs now.

Pay off high-interest revolving debt

Reduce the balances on your credit cards, store cards, and lines of credit as soon as possible. As rates rise, so will the amount of interest you pay over time.

Make more than the minimum monthly payment

Making only the minimum payment each month will result in paying significantly more interest over time — and it will take longer to pay off your debt. The more you can pay each month, the more money you’ll save over time.

Consider consolidating your balances

When you consolidate your revolving credit balances with a fixed-rate, fixed-term personal loan, you’ll have a single monthly payment that stays the same — no matter how high the Fed raises rates. And you’ll know exactly when your loan will be paid off.

Learn more about consolidating debt.

Avoid late payments

If you wait to pay down your balances and miss payments, penalty interest rates and late payment fees on your credit cards could increase your costs significantly.  Some cards impose fees and higher interest rates on your balance if you’re late on one or more payments.

Explore your adjustable rate mortgage (ARM) or home equity line of credit (HELOC)

Consider refinancing your ARM into a fixed-rate mortgage. And if you have a HELOC, you may be able to convert your balance to a fixed rate.  This option would allow you to lock an interest rate on your balance.

Learn more about a home equity fixed-rate advance.


Lowering revolving credit balances may help improve your credit score — so you can qualify for the lowest possible rates. Keeping balances below 30% of your credit limit can make a difference on your credit report.

Next Step: Good debt management may improve your credit score. Learn how you can manage your existing debt to stay up-to-date on your finances. 

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