Insurance is one of the few things you buy with the hope that you'll never need to use it. If an emergency or accident occurs, however, insurance can help offset the costs associated with recovery. By understanding the basic types of insurance, you can better protect your home, your family, and your health.


Depending on where you live, you may also have to purchase protection against flooding.

Property and casualty insurance

Auto, homeowners, and renters insurance are three main types of property and casualty insurance:

  • Auto insurance provides financial reimbursement for injuries and property damage if an accident happens. Auto insurance often includes a variety of deductible options, liability limits, and additional coverage choices.
  • Homeowners insurance usually includes protection for a broad range of potential catastrophes, including fires, tornadoes, burglaries and legal liability. Mortgage lenders require customers to have proof of homeowners insurance on properties with an outstanding loan. A variety of coverage options and deductibles, liability limits and additions are available. Homeowners insurance protects not only the dwelling, but also personal property, subject to policy exclusions. Extra protection may be needed for flooding or earthquake damage.
  • Renters insurance covers the cost to replace or repair personal property (such as household goods, furniture, clothing and electronics) if it is damaged or destroyed in a catastrophe like a fire or burglary.
  • With these types of insurance, it’s important to determine whether you want to insure the “replacement cost” or “actual cash value” of your possessions. Actual cash value is the estimated value after depreciation. The premium on replacement cost insurance will be higher than the actual cash value option.

Health insurance

Whether you’re going in for a routine check-up or having major surgery, a good health insurance plan can help reduce what you pay for medical care. When purchasing health insurance for yourself or your family, you may choose either a managed care plan or an indemnity plan.

  • Although plans vary from state to state, some of the most common managed care options are: health maintenance organization (HMO), preferred provider organization (PPO), and point of service (POS).
  • Indemnity plans pay a share of the costs for covered services only after they receive a bill, which means you may have to pay up front for your medical services and then obtain reimbursement from your health insurance company.

Life insurance

Life insurance can help to replace lost income in the event of a death and can be important if you’re responsible for the financial well being of a child, spouse, or other loved ones. While there are several options, two common life insurance products are:

  • Term life insurance provides the largest amount of coverage for the lowest cost. Policies typically have terms between 1 to 30 years. If the policy holder dies during the term of the policy, the value of the policy goes to the beneficiaries.
  • Whole life insurance coverage builds cash value within the policy that can be accessed at a later date, and while premiums are generally higher they do not increase as you get older.

Once you have a basic understanding of the types of insurance available, you can research or work with an agent to find specific policies that fit your needs.

All homeowners insurance policies provide coverage for flood damage.

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